Article de Hssine Benhrouz (MS EnvIM 2022-23) Introduction For over seven decades, the field of economics has been predominantly fixated on Gross Domestic Product (GDP) as the primary metric of progress, measuring a nation's economic health based solely on its output. But "what if we started economics not with its long-established theories, but with humanity’s long-term goals, and then sought out the economic thinking that would enable us to achieve